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1. Which of the following is NOT one of the three major moral theories?
2. In September 2017, Saudi Arabia granted its women the right to drive—the last country on earth to do so. Many people judged this as positive progress. What does this judgment imply about the idea of cultural relativism?
3. Between what two types of judgments does a dialectical conversation move?
4. Charlotte, a struggling single mother, sees a very wealthy man drop his wallet. Instead of informing him she keeps it and uses the money inside to buy some clothes and school supplies for her kids, but she feels guilty about doing that. How might an egoist of the sort Glaukon represents in his challenge explain her guilty feelings?
5. The text uses the metaphor of a house to explain the relationship between metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Which part of the house represents normative ethics?
6. According to Glaukon, if someone possessed Ring of Gyges, all of the following would be true EXCEPT:
7. Jewish law prescribes that their deceased be buried in a shroud (a tachrichim) in simple pine box with no metal parts. Muslims, however, do not bury their deceased in a casket, but rather in a shroud (a kafan) directly into an excavated grave oriented toward Mecca. The claim that each of these kinds of burial rites can be right would be an example of cultural __________.
8. Peyton and Vanessa are having an in-depth conversation about whether moral standards and concepts hold across cultures, or whether they are relative. What type of ethics are they considering?
9. Tim considers himself to be a moral skeptic. What, then, does Tim use to examine moral assumptions?
10.The egoist view is that moral standards are only good if they serve
11.Which of the following ideas do Glaukon and Nietzsche share?
12.During the Las Vegas massacre, there were people at an outdoor concert who risked their lives to help total strangers. When interviewed later, their common response was, “It was the right thing to do.” What is the term for this kind of deep-down sense of what is good and right?
13.Relativism is a way to acknowledge that much of what we value—and how we think we and others should act—has been significantly shaped by
14.Relativism is a way to acknowledge that much of what we value—and how we think we and others should act—has been significantly shaped by
15.Which of the following activities best illustrates the nature of a dialectical
16.Skepticism MOST closely falls under which branch of ethical theory?
17.Paulette is a philosopher who is trying to evaluate the strength of a major moral theory. As such, which of the following questions is Paulette LEAST likely to ask about the theory?
18.What is NOT one of the assumptions that may lead someone to avoid thinking critically about moral issues?
19.Samara is considering how she should handle the fact that her employer overpaid her on her last check. Should she say something? Will she have to give the money back? Will her employer find out, and if so, is it better if Samara raises the issue first? These issues with which Samara is grappling are best described as ___________ judgments.
20.To which category do arguments regarding the morality of topics like abortion and eating animals belong?
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PHI208 Week 5 Final Exam